This time I wanted to talk about our facial skin. In this post I will talk about skin care routine and then in some further posts I will cover all skin types and recommendations from experts and my experience. But at first it is useful to start with the basics – what is needed to get a flawless and clean facial skin. Remark: I will not dig into small details and specifics, because that requires a huge knowledge in that. My focus will be more to the basics, differences and practice because I wanted to keep it simple and understandable.
As you may probably know, there are several types of cleansing products – lotions, creams, moisturizers, scrubs, toners etc. You can easily get lost in that. I personally struggled with that in the beginning when I didn’t have a clue what kind of skin type I have, what should I use then and what is the order. So, to keep it clear, I will mention what exact product is doing to our skin and in what kind of order they should be applied.
Simple everyday facial skin care routine would be:
♦ There are several types of cleansers: bar soaps, foaming, non-foaming, cleansing balms, micellar water, oil cleansers, soap free cleansers. You need to choose only those which are meant for your skin type (deeper info I will write down in my upcoming posts). In general, cleansing will help you to get rid of all makeup, sweat, dead skin cells, oil and environmental impurities from the surface of the skin. It will also help to unclog pores, which will prevent your skin from acne.
No matter what kind of skin type you have, try to avoid cleansers which has alcohol, parabens or fragrance, because that could make your skin itchy, too dry or cause allergies. There could be no reaction too, of course, so you really need to research your skin well.
♦ Toners. As toner comes after cleanser, it gets rid of any residue that is still on your face after it, refreshes your skin and evens out the Ph level by restoring the acid/alkali balance of the skin.
There are three types of toners: skin bracers of fresheners (0-10% alcohol), skin tonics (up to 20% alcohol) and astringents (20-60% alcohol). The more alcohol is inside, the more drying it is. So for dry skin you will chose toners with less alcohol and for oily – with more.
♦ Moisturizers will help the skin to maintain it’s normal moisture balance, puts lost moisture back and helps create the perfect base for your foundation. It is very necessary to use moisturizer before foundation, because it creates a small barrier between your skin and the product.
Moisturizers can be separated by categories:
- For specific skin type – for dry skin there would be extra oil-based ingredients; for oily skin – oil free moisturizers; for sensitive – free of preservatives, dyes, scents or lanolin.
- Day or night creams – day creams are thinner in the consistency and with extra SPF inside. Night creams are heavier to give you 8 hour moisture while sleeping
- Moisturizers with added benefits – there could be some additional healthy ingredients, like plant extracts, vitamins or minerals.
- For specific parts of your body – as we now talk about facial skin care then here we could mention moisturizer for under eyes, for neck, lips and rest of the face.
Now we have covered the daily skin care routine, but there are few other products, which can be used on a weekly basis, so let’s jump right into that.
Weekly skin care routine
- Facial mask treatment
♦ Exfoliation removes old, dead skin cells that remain on the outermost surface of your skin. Mostly exfoliation is done one weekly basis, but in general you have to do it when you feel that you need it or you can make a simple test with a clear tape. Apply a small piece on your forehead and gently rub it. If you see tiny pieces of flaky skin on the tape after removing it, you probably need to exfoliate your skin.
There are different types of exfoliation: cream, granular, enzyme and chemical.
- Cream would be most suitable for mature skin. It is applied in a thin layer and left to dry. Afterwards, rubbed off with dry fingers
- Granular are best for teenagers with normal skin (no acne). For better result use a wet sponge to remove the product.
- Enzyme are best for older and acne prone skin. Usually these type of exfoliation are used with a steamer that actives the enzyme and removed with a sponge.
- Chemical are meant for removing blemishes, spots and acne scars.
Worth to mention: chemical and enzyme exfoliation are mostly made in salons (at least as far as I know). But you can still find good products in the drugstore or any kind of beauty salon/shop.
♦ Facial mask treatment will give your face necessary hydration, suppleness and elasticity, absorb excess oil and deeply cleanse the pores. Mask needs to be used after cleansing and exfoliation. Also for masks there are different types: clay, peel-off, thermal, cream, warm-oil, and natural.
- Clay – deeply cleanses your skin by drawing impurities to the skin’s surface as it dries and tightens. Clay masks are ideal for people with normal to oily skin.
- Peel-off – there are three subtypes: paraffin wax, plastic or gel. These masks are good for mature and dry skin as it temporarily tightens the skin and stimulates blood supply.
- Thermal masks – these masks are gradually heated up on the face. They warm surface tissues and encourage the skin to breathe.
- Cream masks – these masks will add additional moisture to your skin and making it softer, therefore it would be more suitable for normal to dry skin.
- Warm-oil masks – the most important ingredient in these masks is oil – whether it is olive, almond or vitamin oil. It works almost in the same way as peel-off masks and is suitable for the same skin types – mature or dry.
- Natural masks – the name itself tells most important idea behind it. These masks helps to rejuvenate the skin and includes different fruit, herb or plant ingredients
As we can see, there are a lot of options in the market, but the main thing is to choose the right one for your skin type or problem. I tried to mention time to time for whom particular product would suit, but I suppose it could be described a little bit more. That’s why stay tuned for further posts where I will try to get deeper in this topic and help you out a bit (if it is needed, of course).
I hope you found something helpful in this post or a least – freshened up something that you have forgotten already. Take care of your skin on a daily basis, so that you could say “Thanks” to yourself after years when you will still look fabulous.
Thanks for stepping by! 😉